The report "Energy Transit Activities: Collection of Intergovernmental Agreements of Oil and Gas Transit Pipelines and Commentary" was prepared by Dr. Rafael Leal-Arcas as a research fellow at the Energy Charter Secretariat’s Knowledge Centre.
The report focuses on common principles and regional specificities that can be derived from selected Intergovernmental Agreements on oil and gas transit pipelines which were analysed. The report evaluates these common norms vis-à-vis the Energy Charter Model Agreements on Cross-Border Pipelines and the provisions of the draft Transit Protocol. Recommendations are made in view of a possible agreement on common principles or rules on transit and cross-border energy flows in the Energy Charter context.
Inter-state cooperation in relation to energy transit issues is less institutionalised than other areas of inter-state energy cooperation, since there are no international agreements solely devoted to energy transit; rather, there are norms providing for some sort of inter-state framework for transit. The report is therefore intended to present a commentary on relevant Intergovernmental and Host Government Agreements on oil and gas transit pipelines in several parts of the world.
The Energy Charter provides for principles of cross-border cooperation in the energy industry. The Secretariat produced a second edition of a Model Intergovernmental Agreement and z Host Government Agreement for cross-border pipelines, designed to assist state-state and investor-state negotiations in cross-border oil and gas pipeline matters. These Model Agreements are publicly available to any state party or company wishing to adapt and use them.
The report "Energy Transit Activities: Collection of Intergovernmental Agreements of Oil and Gas Transit Pipelines and Commentary" is available in English.